Basic overview of cotton in Central and West Asia

Basic overview of cotton in Central and West Asia 1. Uzbekistan Uzbekistan is the largest cotton producer and exporter in Central Asia. Cotton production accounts for 70% of the fo…

Basic overview of cotton in Central and West Asia

1. Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan is the largest cotton producer and exporter in Central Asia. Cotton production accounts for 70% of the former Soviet Union. The annual output of seed cotton is about 4 million tons. The output of finished lint is nearly 1.2 million tons, ranking first in the world. Seventh, the export volume of lint cotton ranks fifth in the world. Uzbekistan’s cotton planting areas are spread throughout the country, mainly concentrated in the eastern region including the Fergana Basin, mainly Anjiyan Oblast. In the 1980s, the average annual output of lint cotton was 1.58 million tons, and the output of seed cotton reached a historical high of more than 6 million tons. More than 95% of the cotton fibers are 32 mm to 33 mm long, and the rest are long-staple cotton (the cotton fiber length is 36 mm to 39 mm). Cotton is Uzbekistan’s flagship export product and its main source of foreign exchange. The country’s Fabric companies can only “digest” about 25% of lint.
Uzbekistan cotton is similar to Xinjiang cotton, with a micronaire value of 3.5-4.9, better horse value, longer fiber length, better internal value, and low short staple rate. , good finish, more expensive than American cotton except SJV, can spin yarns with more than 40 counts, but contains sugar and poor finishing. Inspection standards:
1st grade (Birinchi) and 2nd grade (Ikkinchi), micronaire Higher than 4.9 or lower than 3.5 will result in price discounts
2. Other countries:
The following countries do not produce high amounts of cotton, and China imports relatively small amounts of cotton from the following countries.
1. Turkmenistan.
The southern tip of Central Asia is the second largest cotton-producing country in Central Asia. 4/5 of the land is the Karakum Desert. 80% of the land area has no surface runoff. The annual output of cotton is 450,000 tons. The foundation of the cotton textile industry is weak. , a net exporter of cotton.
2. Tajikistan
There are 800,000 hectares of agricultural land, 40% of which are cotton fields. Tajikistan is the third largest cotton producer in Central Asia. Lint cotton is about 300,000 tons. In the high-quality fine fiber cotton production area, the lint yield of Tajikistan has exceeded 100 kg/mu in the early 1990s. It is an important raw cotton exporting country. In the next 5 to 10 years, cotton output and foreign trade will both increase. will be basically stable at the current level
3. Kazakhstan
In 2004, Kazakhstan’s cotton field area was 219,300 hectares, equivalent to approximately 3.289 million acres, with an annual lint output of approximately 150,000 tons. It is estimated that in the future it will be 5~ In 10 years, Kazakhstan’s cotton production and demand will basically maintain steady growth at the current rate.
4. Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan produces more than 80,000 tons of lint annually, but in terms of cotton and cotton textile fabric trade, Kyrgyzstan is the largest producer of lint. Stan and my country have not yet formed regular bulk trade.
5. Azerbaijan
The output of seed cotton in 2005 was nearly 200,000 tons, and the lint production is expected to reach 60,000 to 65,000 tons.
6. Turkey
Turkey. Cotton-producing areas are located in lower altitude areas from the west coast, the southern coast to the northeast. The yield of cotton is high and the quality is good.
7. Iran
The cotton area on the Iranian plateau is small and mainly distributed in northern Iran. and southern Afghanistan. It mainly produces short and medium-fiber varieties of American upland cotton.
8. Syrian cotton
Aleppo is an important cotton-producing area in Syria, with more than 30,000 hectares of cotton fields in Aleppo. An excellent cotton ginning company, nearly half of the cotton ginning factories and more than half of the country’s professional fabric factories are located here.
Cotton must be of the same grade: the grade difference between cotton color batches and groups shall not exceed 1/2 grade.
Uniform fiber length: the length difference should not exceed 1/16”.
Consistent fiber grade: guaranteed to be representative cotton.
9. Israel
Jordan Valley
It is the Aiko cotton series of California, USA. Pima cotton accounts for about 10% of the planting area. The pile length is more than 35mm and can spin high-count yarns of more than 80-100 counts.


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Author: clsrich